Archive for category Sudan

Africa: LAPSSET–A Massive Oil Project That Is Gaining The Attention Of PMSC’s

G4S said it was looking at oil and gas based prospects in countries like Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria and South Sudan, where a huge oil pipeline could be built through Kenya to a port there in order to bypass bitter disputes with neighbouring Sudan.
High potential mining opportunities are also in countries such as Botswana, Ghana, Namibia and Tanzania.
The company expects to move into Ethiopia, Libya, Somaliland and South Sudan in the next year…-Interview

…To reduce its reliance on Khartoum, the South Sudanese government has announced a 2,000 km pipeline, at a cost of $3bn, through Kenya to its port of Lamu. G4S is one of the companies vying to help secure this vital source of South Sudanese revenue… -separate source–see below

I had picked up on this project through some stories I was reading in regards to the future of this industry. That the companies are looking for business in resource rich Africa, and much of that business revolves around energy related projects.

This particular project grabbed my attention, just because of how ambitious it is and how involved the security for it would be.  Because once this is up and running, all aspects of LAPSSET will be a big target for criminals and terrorists. Especially the 2000 km of pipeline they plan on building.

So this should require the services of multiple PMSC’s to help in all aspects of securing this thing. I also imagine that some kind of oil police apparatus will have to be established, which will then require training facilities with instructors. We will see how it goes, and if any readers have any other details about this massive project, feel free to comment below. –Matt



Lamu Port and Lamu-Southern Sudan-Ethiopia Transport Corridor
The Lamu Port and Lamu Southern Sudan-Ethiopia Transport Corridor (LAPSSET) aka The Lamu corridor is a transport and infrastructure project in Kenya that when complete will be the country’s second transport corridor. Kenya’s other transport corridor is the Mombasa port and Mombasa – Uganda transport corridor that passes through Nairobi and much of the Northern Rift.
The project will involve the following components:
-A port at Manda Bay
-Standard gauge railway line to Juba (capital of South Sudan)
-Road network
-Oil pipelines (Southern Sudan and Ethiopia)
-Oil refinery at Bargoni
-Three Airports
-Three resort cities (Lamu, Isiolo and Lake Turkana shores)
The project was initially conceived in 1975 but never took off due to various reasons. The project was later revived and included in Kenya’s Vision 2030. LAPSSET cost was estimated to cost $ 16 Billion in 2009. Recent estimates arrived after studies now put the cost of the project at between US $ 22 Billion and US $ 23 Billion.
The timeline of the project is not clear including when it started and when it should be finished. Some projects like the Isiolo-Merille projects began in 2007. At the peak of the project, between 2013 and 2018, it is expected that the Kenyan government will be spending about 6% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product or 16% of its annual budget on the project. The project is in turn expected to contribute an additional 3% increase in Kenya’s GDP by 2020.
Key towns in the project are Lamu & Isiolo in Kenya, Juba in Southern Sudan and Addis Ababa in Ethiopia.
Wikipedia for LAPSSET here.
Lamu port project launched for South Sudan and Ethiopia

March 02, 2012
There have been protests against the port by some environmentalists and residents of Lamu island
Construction has begun on a $23bn (£14.5bn) port project and oil refinery in south-eastern Kenya’s coastal Lamu region near war-torn Somalia’s border.
An oil pipeline, railway and motorway will also be built linking Lamu to South Sudan and Ethiopia.
Newly independent South Sudan plans to use Lamu as its main oil export outlet.
A BBC reporter says security concerns for the project may explain the presence of Ethiopian and Kenyan troops in Somalia aiming to pacify the region.
‘Biggest African project’
Kenya’s leader Mwai Kibaki launched the project along with his South Sudanese and Ethiopian counterparts, Salva Kiir and Meles Zenawi respectively.
“I have no doubt that this day will go down in history as one of the defining moments – when we made a major stride to connect our people to the many socio-economic opportunities that lie ahead,” AFP news agency quotes Mr Kibaki as saying at the inauguration ceremony.
Known as Lamu Port South Sudan Ethiopia Transport Corridor (Lapsset), it is expected to be completed within four years with initial costs coming from the three governments and plans to attract international investment.
Steven Ikuwa, the administrator in charge of Lapsset, told the BBC the scale of the plans was huge.
“I am proud to say this is one of the biggest projects that we are carrying out in Africa.”
The BBC’s Noel Mwakugu in Lamu says there are worries about the impact of the project on Lamu district, which is one of East Africa’s most beautiful and relatively unspoiled environments along the Indian Ocean and includes a cultural heritage site on Lamu Island.
“Lamu is a living heritage. Already Unesco has declared Lamu a World Heritage Site – as an endangered site,” Mualimu Badi from the Save Lamu group told the BBC.
“If 500,000 people come to work as workers, we stand to lose that status.”
Mr Badi also said local residents fear they would be made homeless by the project as most people in the area are unable to prove their right to live in their homes.
In response to these complaints, Mr Kibaki has announced that residents will be issued with land title deeds and his administration will provide training for 1,000 young people to prepare for future opportunities presented by the port.
Oil export alternatives
Our correspondent says Lamu’s 32-berth port will be five times larger than Kenya’s only other Indian Ocean port, Mombasa – which has been struggling to serve the needs of landlocked countries to the south and west of Kenya.

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Industry Talk: FBO News– Contractors Needed For The South Sudan And Libya!

Wow, this has been an extremely under reported deal by the main stream media. Basically with both of these FBO solicitations, the US government is wanting to use contractors to set up shop in the newly formed South Sudan and in Libya.

The South Sudan is in dire need of all the help it can get. So if the money is there, there might be a lot of opportunity for this industry. Especially for the defense related stuff, and with that equipment and weapons, will require the trainers and mentors to get their military up to speed.

Libya is in the same boat. It is looking more and more like the rebels are whittling away at Ghaddafi’s war machine and the US is positioning itself. But no doubt that a new government there will need all the help they can get. So we will see how this goes, but it is interesting news to say the least. –Matt

Office of the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and Bureau of African Affairs
South Sudan Armed Forces Transformation
Ministry Advisory and Training Team (MATT)
Statement of Work
During the last eight years, Sudan has been the highest-priority country in sub-Saharan Africa, and one of the highest U.S. priorities worldwide. The United States Government played a major role in brokering the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended the twenty-year civil war between the government in Khartoum (Government of Sudan) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), a southern Sudanese rebel movement. During his June 2005 visit to the United States, the SPLM Chairman John Garang appealed to administration and Congress for support to transform his guerrilla forces into a modern military.  Among other initiatives, the support outlined in this request for proposal addresses this appeal.
In January 2011, as stipulated in the CPA, citizens of Southern Sudan voted in a referendum for independence  from or unity with the North.  The overwhelming majority chose independence; on 9 July 2011, the South became the Republic of South Sudan (RoSS).  The Office of the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan (USSES), with the Bureau of African Affairs (AF) at the U.S. Department of State, plans to continue assisting in the transformation of the South Sudan Armed Forces (SSAF) from a largely guerrilla force to a military force operating under the RoSS’ Ministry of Defense (MoD).
The purpose of this Statement of Work (SoW) is to outline the requirements for advisors embedded in the South Sudan Minstry of Defense (MoD).  The advisors will be managed by the Department of State’s Bureau of African Affairs, Office of the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan, and the U.S. Embassy in Juba. The purpose of the advisors is to provide support to the Minstry in the areas of policy planning, human resources, financial management, acquisition and procurement, military production, inspections, public affairs, and veterans affairs, or other functions as necessary, to enhance the Ministry’s ability to effectively manage the transformation of the South Sudan Armed Forces from a largely guerrilla force to a regular military operating under the MoD as the civilian authority within the RoSS.  As part of this assistance, the U.S. Department of State will support the Management Advisory and Training Team (MATT) in Juba, South Sudan to provide training and mentorship to MoD management staff and leadership.  The MATT will support the Ministry leadership, but will not be directly involved in the day to day decision making activities of the MoD.  Advisors will assist MoD senior management and staff at all levels, in their role as mentors and trainers, to perform key functions at appropriate standards.
The USG will work with Ministry of Defense to identify counterparts for each of the advisors listed in this Statement of Work. Contractors will report to the Minister or their ministry counterparts, but might also work with other South Sudan civilian agencies as required.
The overarching purpose of this initiative is to support the MoD with advisors in nine areas; 1 Defense Policy,  2 Human Resources (2); 3 Military Production; 4 Civil-Military and Public Affairs; 5 Inspections; 6 Finance and Budget; 7 Acquisition, Procurement and Logistics, and 8 Veterans Affairs. [Note that support to Human Resources will include two positions; one to focus on personnel readiness and management, and the second to focus on force planning and resource allocation.] To that end, this program will focus on enhancing the overall effectiveness of the MoD staff and leadership by addressing fundamental weaknesses in existing MoD staff procedures and planning efforts, and strengthening the MoD staff and leadership to effectively manage the transitioning guerilla force into a regular military through supporting effective staff policies and procedures.
Link to FBO here.
The OTI program in Libya will support the larger objectives of the U.S. Government and as appropriate any future State Department and USAID presence in Libya… In close coordination with State Department representatives and other [U.S. Government, or USG] actors and with consideration of USG priorities, OTI’s rapid and targeted programs will address emerging issues and empower local partners potentially to include non-governmental organizations, civil society groups, media outlets, and local and national government offices to reduce or mitigate conflict, increase transparency and accountability, and foster positive political change.

USPSC – Country Representative – Libya
Solicitation Number: SOL-OTI-11-000042
Agency: Agency for International Development
Office: Washington D.C.
Location: USAID/Washington

USPSC-Deputy Country Representative – Libya.
Solicitation Number: SOL-OTI-11-000043
Agency: Agency for International Development
Office: Washington D.C.
Location: USAID/Washington

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Cool Stuff: Get Kony, By Ian Urbina

     This is an outstanding article and Sam here is quite the guy. I certainly hope he can find and kill Joseph Kony, and save as many children as he can over there.  What is really cool is I guess Hollywood digs his story too and they will be making a movie about him. Thanks to Jason for sending me this. –Matt


“I found God in 1992,” says Sam Childers. “I found Satan in 1998.” The reference is to Joseph Kony, leader of the outlaw Lord’s Resistance Army. Photograph by Jonathan Becker.

Get Kony

By Ian Urbina

April 27, 2010

The Lord’s Resistance Army—a murderous rebel group made up mostly of Ugandans, and led by a crazed warlord named Joseph Kony—today ranges across the jungles and scrubland of Uganda, Congo, Sudan, and the Central African Republic. Its ranks may be depleted, but the remnant deals death wherever it goes. U.S.-backed military forces are trying to hunt Kony down. So is a Pennsylvania-based evangelical preacher named Sam Childers—a biker and former drug dealer who has found his calling in this quest for a killer. Last year the author joined Childers as he continued his hunt for Kony. It is a story of pursuer and pursued, each believing that God is on his side.

It’s two a.m., and we’re barreling down a deeply pocked dirt road in Southern Sudan. In the cool of night, the temperature is nearly 100 degrees. Sam Childers, 46, is behind the wheel of a chrome-tinted Mitsubishi truck. Christian rock blares on the speakers. He has a Bible on the dash and a shotgun that he calls his “widow-maker” leaning against his left knee. His top sergeant, Santino Deng, 34, a Dinka tribesman with an anthracite complexion and radiant black eyes, sits in the passenger seat, an AK-47 across his lap. I sit in the back. Since leaving the town of Mundri, headed toward the Congolese border, we’ve been driving for two bone-jarring days on roads littered with the charred wrecks of armored vehicles and fuel tankers, remnants of battles past. A truck follows close behind, carrying 15 men from the small militia group under Childers’s personal command. The convoy is on its way to a Sudanese town called Maridi. In the area we’re passing through, just hours ago soldiers from the Lord’s Resistance Army (L.R.A.) hacked 15 villagers to death with machetes, then disappeared into the bush. Intelligence sources from the Sudan People’s Liberation Army—the ragtag military wing of the breakaway government of Southern Sudan—have indicated that elements of the L.R.A. are now headed to Maridi. Childers wants to intercept them, and kill their leader.

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Building Snowmobiles: Using Special Forces to Lead PMC’s in Darfur

   David knocked out a good one with this article.  I had no idea such a paper existed, about using Special Forces and PMC’s together for small wars like what is going on in Darfur.  Why not?  I am sure Special Forces units are used to working with far less capable forces, why not combine them with a western PMC.  It would be interesting to hear some perspective on this from the snake eater community.  Or better yet, I would love to hear this Major Jorgensen on Combat Operator Radio talk about this concept.  

   As for combining the two groups and creating some kind of unity of command?  Incident Command all the way.  Matter of fact, if all NGO’s and Government types could get on the same band wagon of the Incident Command System, then we could all be speaking the same language out there.  It would be the middle ground, and something that would have excellent application in wars and other disasters.  This example of Special Forces combined with PMC’s reminds me of my smokejumper days.

    On fires, we would parachute in with two possible missions.  If the fire was small, then we would put it out ourselves with minimum support.  If the fire was big, or got big as we were on the ground, then we instantly transitioned to Incident Command mode and start to organize.  We would make our assessments, and call into dispatch on what we would need to put out our fire–from man power, to equipment and logistical support, to air power.  During that process, we would find our selves managing a whole slew of varied agencies and private contractors.  It would not be odd at all, to have a Bureau of Indian Affairs hand crew, a Type 2 Private Contractor hand crew, a Type 2 Contractor Crew from Southern California that had maybe a few guys that spoke english, an Engine or two from the Forest Service, a Cop from a local PD, and some structure Engines from the Local Fire Department, all on one fire.  The key to organizing such a mess of folks, is simple.  They were all red carded forest firefighters, and new the common language of Incident Command.  And if they didn’t, it was so simple, that it could be explained to them on the scene.  

     All in all though, most folks on a fire knew the drill.  They had to have programable radios that were set up on scene to communicate for that fire, they had to have the fire clothing and equipment, they had to know plan of attack and who the Incident Commander was, they had to know their part in the battle, and who the adjacent forces were, and they had to have some knowledge of fires and the red flag and fire watch out situations.  If they had a red card, that meant they knew what a forest fire was all about, and they knew what the incident commander was all about, and they worked from that point. 

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News: PSC Prospects in Darfur

    Boy, there’s that R2P thing again.  Talk is cheap, and the Sudan and the Congo are disasters right now.  It is extremely frustrating to know that there is a capable company like Blackwater–ready to go into the fire and protect the weak, and yet we do nothing.  Good job to Mrs. Bennett for putting together a great article. –Head Jundi 


18 Nov 2008

PSC prospects in Darfur

With the international community slow to react to the conflict in Darfur, private security companies weigh their options for entering the region, Jody Ray Bennett writes for ISN Security Watch.

By Jody Ray Bennett for ISN Security Watch

For almost five years the world has watched hundreds of thousands of Darfur civilians be massacred, raped and displaced from their families and homes.

Even though world leaders have issued calls to action, such as the 2005 international manifesto Responsibility to Protect (R2P), which called for states responsible for widespread harm to its population to face repercussions, the international community has been slow to respond to crisis in Darfur. Two years after the issuing of the R2P, approximately 200,000 to 400,000 Dafuris were dead and 2.5 million displaced.

As the US stretches its own forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, it has also been politically unable to justify the invasion of yet another Islamic country. China, Sudan’s closest economic, political and military ally, has failed to respond to the ongoing genocide despite its ability to do so.

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Jobs: Senior Business/Security Consultant, Sudan


Sr. Business Consultant, Security (49724) Full Time Regular 

McLean, VA



BearingPoint is one of the world’s largest providers of management and technology consulting services to Global 2000 companies and government organizations in more than 60 countries worldwide. We have approximately 16,000 employees focusing on the Public Services, Commercial Services and Financial Services industries. Our professionals have built a reputation for knowing what it takes to help clients achieve their goals, and working closely with them to get the job done.

BearingPoint’s Emerging Markets Team is currently searching for a Senior Consultant in security, for services in Sudan starting December 1, 2008.

Location: Sudan, Kenya and other potential locations as necessary or assigned (mandatory – 100% time)

Relocation supplement: yes

Allowances: eligible

Citizenship: open

Security Clearance requirement: none

Position Description/Performance Profile: The Senior Consultant will occupy a leadership position supporting BearingPoint security and client-facing operations in emerging markets locations to include Sudan, Kenya and other potential locations as necessary or assigned.

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